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(Cont. from page 105)
started for New Orleans in March, 1815; and after reaching that point went into the Natchez trade. She was in continual employ until 1822, when she was condemned as worn out.
The "Enterprise," forty-five tons, was the fourth constructed in this vicinity. She was built at Brownsville, Pa., and made two trips to Louisville in 1814. She departed from Pittsburgh for New Orleans on the 1st of December, 1814, under command of Captain Henry M. Shreve, with a cargo of ordinance. For some time she was actively employed transporting troops. On the 6th of May, 1817, she left New Orleans for Pittsburgh, and arrived at Shippingport (Louisville) on the 30th, being twenty-five days from port to port, and the first steamer that ever arrived at that port from New Orleans: which event the citizens of Louisville celebrated by a dinner to Captain Shreve. The "Enterprise" was lost at Rock Harbor in 1817.
In 1816 the "Franklin," 125 tons, the "Oliver Evans," 75 tons, and the "Harriet," of 10 tons, were built at Pittsburgh. The "Franklin " was built by Messrs. Shiras and Cromwell, and her engine was built by George Evans. She departed from Pittsburgh in December, 1816, and went into the Louisville and St. Louis trade. She was sunk in 1819, near St. Genecvieve. The "Oliver Evans" was built by George Evans; left Pittsburgh December, 1816, for New Orleans. She burst one of her boilers in April, 1817, at Point Coupee, killing eleven men. The "Harriet" was constructed and owned by Mr. Armstrong, of Williamsport, Pa,
The "Washington," 400 tons was built at Wheeling (W. Va.) about this time, had her engines made at Brownsville. She was the first boat with boilers above deck-the boats previous to that having them in the hold. She, also, by making a round trip from Louisville to New Orleans, settled the question whether steamboats could be rendered useful as a mode of navigation for the ascending trade, and convinced the public, which had continued doubtful, of the practicability and success of steamboat navigation on the western waters. She was in part owned by Captain Henry M. Shreve, and was built under his immediate direction.
The "General Pike," constructed at Cincinnati in 1818, was the first boat built for the exclusive accommodation of passengers. Her cabin was forty feet long and twenty-five feet wide. In addition she had fourteen staterooms.
The "Expedition," 120 tons, and the "Independent," of 50 tons, were constructed at Pittsburgh in 1818 for the Yellowstone expedition for the exploration of the Missouri. The "Independence" was the first steamboat that ascended the Missouri.
The "Western Engineer," built in 1819, near Pittsburgh, under the direction of Major S. H, Long, of the United States Topographical Engineers, for the expedition of discovery to the sources of the Missouri and Rocky Mountains, was the first boat that ascended to Council Bluffs, 650 miles above St. Louis.
From 1817, when the success of steamboat navigation on the western rivers was finally conceded by the public-convinced by the trips of the Washington
from Louisville to New Orleans and back in forty-five days-boat building rapidly increased.
The following gives the boats constructed at Pittsburgh area vicinity from 1811 to 1835. There were two hundred and twenty-six steamboats built. The table gives the names of one hundred and ninety-seven:
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